महाराणा प्रताप की इन बातों को आप नहीं जानते होंगे |Truth of Maharana Pratap


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*****************Maharana Pratap***********************
Pratap Singh (About this sound pronunciation (help·info)) (9 May 1540 – 29 January 1597) popularly known as Maharana Pratap, was a king of Mewar, a region in north-western India in the present day state of Rajasthan. He was the eldest son of Udai Singh II (King of Mewar) and Maharani Jaiwanta Bai.[2][3][4] He was succeeded by his eldest son, Amar Singh I.

Maharana Pratap’s biggest enemy was Mughal Emperor Akbar (Abu’l-Fath Jalal ud-din Muhammad Akbar, popularly known as Akbar I and later Akbar the Great).

Maharana Pratap’s birth anniversary, known as Maharana Pratap Jayanti, is celebrated annually on the third day of the Jyestha Shukla phase.
Conflict with the Mughals
Pratap’s biggest enemy was the emperor of the Mughal Empire, Akbar. Nearly all of Pratap’s fellow Rajput chiefs had meanwhile entered into the vassalage of the Mughals. Pratap’s own brothers – Shakti Singh, Jagmal and Sagar Singh – served Akbar,[citation needed] and many Rajput chiefs, such as Man Singh I of Amer, served as commanders in Great Akbar’s armies and as members of his council. Akbar sent a total of six diplomatic missions to Pratap, seeking to negotiate the same sort of peaceful alliance that he had concluded with the other Rajput chiefs.[citation needed] The fifth of these, led by Bhagwan Das, was fruitful in that Pratap agreed to put on a robe presented by Akbar and he sent his son, Amar Singh, to the Mughal capital.[citation needed] The missions ultimately failed, however, because Pratap refused personally to present himself to the Mughal court. Since no agreement could be reached, all-out war between Mewar and the Mughals became inevitable.
Battle of Haldighati
In 1576, Akbar deputed Man Singh I and Asaf Khan I to lead a force against Pratap.[citation needed] Pratap advanced with a force numbering almost half the Mughal numbers and took a position near Haldighati which was at the entrance of a defile.[citation needed] In Pratap’s army the main commanders were Gwalior’s Ram Shah Tanwar and his three sons, Rawat Krishnadasji Chundawat, Maan Singhji Jhala and Chandrasenji Rathore of Marwar. His army also included Afghans led by Hakim Khan Sur and a small contingent of Bhil tribals headed by Rao Poonjaji fighting alongside him.[8]

The Battle of Haldighati was fought on 18 June 1576 for around four hours.[9] It was primarily fought in the traditional manner between cavalry and elephants since the Mughals found it difficult to transport artillery over the rough terrain. In a traditional fight, the Rajputs were at an advantage; their attack led to a crumbling of the Mughal left- and right-wings and put pressure on the centre until reserves of the Mughal army arrived, and resulted in a Rajput retreat. Later, the Mughal army attacked the Rajputs hiding in hills. The pressure of Mughal army was so much that the Rana had to retreat from the battlefield. The battle resulted in a defeat for the Rajputs and Rana Pratap.
After the Battle of Haldighati
On the third day after the Battle of Haldighati, on 23 June 1576, Man Singh I conquered Gogunda[10] which was later recaptured by Pratap in July 1576.[11] Pratap then made Kumbhalgarh his temporary capital.[12] After that, Emperor Akbar decided to personally lead the campaign against Pratap.[citation needed] In the process, Gogunda, Udaipur and Kumbhalgarh were occupied by the Mughals, forcing the Rana deeper into the mountainous tracts of southern Mewar.[citation needed] Mughal pressure was exerted on the Afghan chief of Jalor, and the Rajput chiefs of Idar, Sirohi, Banswara, Dungarpur, and Bundi. These states, situated on the borders of Mewar with Gujarat and Malwa had traditionally acknowledged the supremacy of the dominant power in the region.
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  1. महाराणा प्रताप का जन्म कुम्भलगढ़ दुर्ग में हुआ था